Since mid-2016 NZBSA has led the consultation on updating the HRNZ Breeding Regulations.
Attached with this email is a copy of the draft breeding regulations which were discussed at the HRNZ Health and Animal Welfare Sub Committee on 9 July 2019. These draft regulations are consistent with the international position in a number of key areas, including the banning the registration of standardbred horses born from frozen embryos or frozen eggs, as discussed in the following paragraphs.
FROZEN EMBRYOS: topic for final consultation
While earlier versions of these draft regulations proposed that HRNZ would allow the registration of foals resulting from the storage of frozen embryos or frozen eggs, the global position of other racing jurisdictions regarding the use of this technology is now clear.
At the World Trotting Conference in May 2019, all racing jurisdictions outside of New Zealand agreed not to allow the registration of foals born from frozen embryos or frozen eggs. If permitted in New Zealand these horses, and their progeny could only race in New Zealand.
HRNZ has agreed to a short period of consultation with breeders.
There are two competing views here:
HRNZ should follow the WTC decision and limit breeding to natural services, AI and embryo transfers – the current situation; or
HRNZ should additionally allow the registration of foals resulting from frozen embryos and eggs.
If you have views on the draft breeding regulations, including for or against the use of frozen embryos and frozen eggs please email your submissions to Liz Bishop, HRNZ GM Corporate Services, firstname.lastname@example.org and copied to Brad Reid, Executive Manager of NZSBA email@example.com by 16 August 2019.
Stallion Book limits and Use of Frozen Semen after Stallion Death
Neither of these issues are addressed in these draft breeding regulations. HRNZ proposes to do some more work, (including consultation with the industry) both on using semen from a deceased/gelded stallion and on whether to restrict stallion books.
Key Features of Draft Regulations
Updated breeding regulations to be in place for the new breeding season (September 2019).
Only one foetus from a mare shall be brought from its embryonic state to birth in each season (exceptions for twins born as a result of natural or non-artificial breeding).
A horse born from:
a cloned embryo; or
sexed semen or the sexing of embryos (or any process that attempts to predetermine the sex of the foal); or
a frozen embryo; or
A frozen egg; or
any of the progeny of the above, is not eligible to be registered in the Stud Book.
4. The Rules relating to the accurate identification of the parentage of all standardbreds and the maintenance of the NZ Stud Book as an accurate record of the genetics of the standardbred horse in New Zealand shall be paramount for ensuring the integrity of the NZ Stud book.
5. All Artificial Breeding, except natural service and the insemination of fresh, chilled or frozen semen into a mare, shall require the advance approval of HRNZ. This is currently the situation for embryo transfers (ET). Pre-approval has been extended to other aspects of artificial breeding. New forms will be developed for these approvals including online applications.
Artificial Breeding includes:
Insemination of a mare with fresh semen, chilled or frozen semen with the intention that the resulting embryo is collected and then placed in a surrogate mare which carries the foetus to full term, known as ‘embryo transfer’.
In vitro fertilization or any process by which an egg is fertilised outside the body of the mare and the fertilised egg is then implanted in the same or another mare’s uterus.
Who can perform artificial breeding?
All breeding techniques can be practised by veterinarians.
Breeding Technicians need to be approved by the HRNZ CEO – all those currently approved are entitled to continue until the 2020 season after which they will need to re-apply.
Breeding Technicians may practice artificial breeding with fresh, chilled and frozen semen.